DINAJPUR BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

 Read the passage below and answer the questions 1—4 :—

Bonsai is the art of growing trees and other plants into/in small containers in such a way that it becomes the miniature of a real tree. A Bonsai tree may be 10 years old but have a height of one foot only. The art of Bonsai originated perhaps more than 1000 years ago in China. Early Japanese aristocrats also showed a fondness for/in Bonsai and contributed greatly to its development. Bonsai is different with/from normal pot planting as it is considered an art form. A Bonsai tree is carefully shaped to remain small but still has the appearance of a large tree. It does not need large pots but small containers and not much of soil. A Bonsai container has holes in the bottom which are covered by/ with small nets so that the soil does not flow out with the water.

The plant is then taken out of/for its original pot and one-third of its root is cut out/off. It is then tied to /with the bottom of the pot with the help of wires. Soil is then spread out/over it to cover the container but about an inch of the root is allowed to stay above on the soil to enhance beauty. The soft branches of the plant are coiled by/with wires so that they are compelled to grow the way the planter wants them to grow. This allows the planter to give the tree a particular shape. A Bonsai plant is never allowed to grow too high. In fact, Bonsai is classified in two ways, (a) The style in which the branches are planted and shaped and (b) their size. Plants that are below/under 6 inches are called: miniature, 6-12 inches : small 12-24 inches medium, and those more than 24 inches are called large. Almost all woody plants can be grown as Bonsai, The art of Bonsai is now quite popular at/in many places of the world. For some people, it is not only an interesting pastime but also a money maker.

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence :— 1×5=5

(a) Early Japanese aristocrats protested / advanced / destroyed the growth of Bonsai.

(b) A Bonsai plant is allowed to grow as a replica/tiny model/duplicate of a large tree.

(c) Intimate/abrupt/crude nurture is required for the desired appearance of a Bonsai tree.

(d) A portion of the root is kept above the soil to diminish/magnify/decrease the beauty of a Bonsai tree.

(e) Wires are used in a Bonsai plant to liberate/stop/control its growth in a particular way.

2. True/False. If false, give the correct information: — 1×5=5

(a) Bonsai is a new form of pot-planting.

(b) A Bonsai tree may grow to a height of 10 feet.

(c) There are holes at the bottom of a Bonsai container to allow extra water to flow out.

(d) Miniature Bonsai tree can be larger than six inches.

(e) Some people not only grow Bonsai trees but also sell them.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add any prepositions if

necessary. 1×5=5

(a) Bonsai, an extraordinary branch of pot planting, was (origin)——-the Chinese.

(b) Japanese were also (responsibility)———the development of the Bonsai.

(c) Giant trees can be (reduce) ——–proportions so small that they may be held in the

palm of the hand.

(d) Bonsai plants are (care)—–designed for in shallow containers containing a little soil.

(e) Hundreds of years of highly skilled planting techniques (give)——–rise to these tree

miniatures of real trees.

4. Make a list of five steps which are followed in shaping of a Bonsai tree. 1×5=5

A society’s culture is made up of all of its ideas and ways of behaving. Language, music, ideas about what is bad and good, ways of working and playing, and the tools and other objects made and used by people in the society — all these are part of a society’s culture. As studying a person’s repeated actions is a good way to find out about that person, studying the important patterns of an entire society is a way to learn about the culture of that group. Patterns of behaviour and action vary from individual to individual, class to class, society to society and country to country. These differences are referred to as cultural differences. What is “an appropriate mode of behaviour in one culture might prove inappropriate or even rude in another culture. For example, when Latin Americans talk to each other, they stand about 18 to 12 inches apart, measured nose to nose. To stand further away from each other while while talking seems unfriendly to them. In some Arab countries too, the proper and polite distance for a conversation is to be close enough to feel the other person’s breath. But in British or American society, getting so close during a conversation is considered inappropriate.

5. Write short answers to the following questions :— 1×5=5

(a) Which elements are considered the parts of a society’s culture?

(b) From this passage what do you understand by ‘cultural differences’?

(c) What is the appropriate mode of talking to each other in Latin America? Why do they do so?

(d) Write your own idea about why some Arabs stand so close to each other at the time of conversation.

(e) How are the British and American society different from the Latin American society?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words. 1×5=5

When people arrive in a new country, it is always hard for them to (a)——–a new lifestyle. A new language, society and culture can cause (b)——— among the closest people, like parents and children. On the one hand, parents try to build a new life, study a new language, look for a job, and sometimes they do not (c) ——–have enough time to pay attention to their children. On the other hand, when children go to a new school, they experience (d) ———-shock. They do not know the language, they do not understand their teachers, and they want to become (e)———in their new school among new classmates.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart defining the concept of culture with examples of cultural differences. [No. 1 has been done for you]:                                                                                                                                             1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box. Make any grammatical changes, if

necessary. There are more words in the box than you need.                1×10=10

arrive massive remain spectacular round permanent
know present right symbol office construction

In 1884 France (a)———- the United States with gift as a dramatic gesture of friendship. This (b) ——– gift was in the form of a huge copper statue. Its (c) ————- name is “Liberty Enlightening the world”. Most people, however, (d) ————-it simply as the statue of liberty. The pieces of the statue (e)——–in the United States in 214 cases. The French people donated the money for the (f)——– of the statue. Grateful, the people of the United states collected the funds for the (g)——–granite and concrete pedestal. This impressive monument found a (h) ——-home on Liberty Island in New York harbour. At 151 feet and 1 inch high, it (i)——– one of the largest statues in the world. The monumental lady with the torch quickly became a ())—–of American democracy.

10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap :—                                      1×10=10

Returning home can be very difficult. When people (a)——-to their home countries, they often find many changes. The (b)——- old streets may not look the same. People they remember may not (c)——them. If they go back to their own childhood house, the house may look very (d)—— . It may (e) —– small and cramped. One woman wrote that she returned to her (f)——-and her house was gone. In its (g)—–, there was a little, modern grocery shop. No one (h)——her. She was extremely (i)~——. It is also possible to return to a place where everyone remembers you. That makes a person feel happy inside; at least you were not (j) —–.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full :—                                                                                                            2×6=12

A B C D
(i) Theancient mariner opened flying until they arrived in cold grey seas.
(11) He and the other sailors being the marriage guest towards the ship.
(iii) The big white sails of their ship an albatross as a bird of good omen.
(iv) The weather told very cold, there were about his last journey to the sea.
(v) One day the sailors welcomed it to the south blew them quickly through the icy waters.
(vi) All of them sailed away wide as the strong wind no birds or animals in the sea.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write the sentences in the proper

order to make a continuous story.                                                                                       1×14=14

(i) Discouraged, some of the men began to pack up, when, all on a sudden, a whirlpool was noticed in the nearest water.

(ii) The fish was five feet of the shore now and was fighting harder than ever.

(iii) Then the man who caught it said, “He’s too beautiful to keep, let him swim another day.”

(iv) It was an hour before dawn and the beach was cold and windy.

(v) All the men on the beach stared at the magnificent fish for a minute.

(vi) Yes, there was a bluefish on the line that fought furiously.

(vii) And with that he threw the fish back into the ocean and watched it swim away.

(viii) Eventually it could not resist the man’s strength, and it was pulled ashore.

(ix) Until the moment, the men had struggled a lot, but their efforts went unrewarded.

(x) Some fishermen in the distance were waiting to catch the giant bluefish—the talk of the town.

(xi) The fishermen tried to pull him in, but the fish would not give up.

xii) Its gills opened and closed as if it were exhausted from the fight.

xiii) The battle continued,

(xiv) Fighting to be free, it was trapped in one man’s pole, and the man tightened his grip.

13. Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answer

to the questions should give as much detail as possible.       1×14=14

(a) Where is Bangladesh located? (b) When did she get her freedom? (c) Where is the capital of Bangladesh? (d) What are the different religions here? (e) What are some of the customs and traditions that people follow? (f) What are its main tourist spots? (g) How do you feel about your country?

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer the questions 1—4.

Ismail Hossain is an affluent man now. Through hard work and devotion, he has managed to turn the wheels of fortune. He was an unemployed youth of an impoverished family from Ekdala village in Natore Sadar thana. Through new knowledge, hard work and perseverance, he has brought prosperity to his family. Ismail Hossain, son of Zohar Ali studied up to class eight. Poverty then forced him to look for work. He worked as a labourer before he joined the training programme of the Natore Horticulture Centre (NHC) and has remained associated with it since then. The officer-in-charge of NHC said that Ismail seemed to be an enthusiastic and energetic youth during the selection of village under NHC’s command area.

Ismail first received training in vegetable cultivation. Then he got a lease of land in his village and applied his new and improved knowledge to cultivate vegetables. He earned taka 25,000 as profit that year. In the same way, he made a profit of taka one lakh by cultivating quality cauliflowers the next year. Later, he bought some land and used it entirely to cultivate cauliflowers. He has also been raising hi-breed cows for milk as well as manure.

Ismail’s lot has changed radically. He said with a satisfactory smile, “I am very happy to be self-sufficient now. I had nothing of my own before, but now I have so much. It has been possible through my hard labour and systematic cultivation. The credit also goes to the NHC of course”, he added.

The officer-in-charge of NHC said, “I feel very proud of Ismail Hossain. He deserves national level recognition for his outstanding success.”

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence :—                                                    1×5=5

(a) Ismail Hossain is insolvent/solvent / destitute now.

(b) Ismail has changed his lot through diligence / elegance / defiance.

(c) The officer in charge of NHC boasts / talks / derides of Ismail.

(d) Ismail got a lease of land before his training / after his training / during his training

(e) Ismail’s fate has changed slowly / drastically / presently.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information :—                                                    1×5=5

(a) Ismail Hossain could not receive higher education.

(b) Ismail had enlightened his life by hard labour.

(c) Ismail earned taka 1,00,000 as profit for the first time.

(d) Before receiving training, Ismail led a very happy life.

(e) The Officer-in-charge made adverse comment about Ismail Hossain.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in the brackets. Add any preposition if necessary :—                                                                                                                         1×5=5

(a) Ismail bought some land in order to use it for (cultivate)————cauliflowers.

b,) His hard work brought (radically)————-change of his lot.

c) The officer-in-charge takes (proud) ————Ismail’s success.

(d) His fortune (change)————for his hard labour.

(e) Once Ismail Hossain (unemploy)————.

4. Make a list of five qualities of Ismail Hossain.                                                                1×5=5

Read the passage below and answer the questions 5—8 :—

As his reputation as a scientist soared higher and higher, fate followed with less rewarding things. Stephen gradually started losing control over the muscles of his body as he gradually became a victim of Gehrig’s disease. Since the age of thirty he is confined to the wheelchair with no power to control his body except for some limited movement of his head and hands only. He can speak only through a computer with a voice synthesizer that converts his messages into sounds. But such a tremendous physical handicap has not managed to dishearten or slow him down. Stephen is still a relentless worker, using his computer to carry out research work as well as deliver lectures. He lives with his wife and three daughters and is provided with twenty four hour nursing facilities by an American organisation for his physical well being.

5. Write short answers to the following questions                                                  1×5=5

(a) Why has Stephen Hawking been confined to a wheelchair?

(b) How does Hawking carry out his works?

(c) Whom does he live with?

(d) What facilities is Hawking provided with?

(e) How can Stephen speak?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words:— 1×5=5

Stephen is thought to be the greatest physicist after Einstein. He is a (a)———personality. Though he is physically handicapped, he is more (b)———than a normal human being. He (c)——-through a voice synthesiser. He does his research (d)——- . He (e)——- with his wife and three daughters.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences.                                                                        1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing physical condition of Stephen Hawking (No. 1 has been done for you)

1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps of the given passage using suitable words from the box (Make any grammatical changes if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need :—

1×10=10

warmer flood change climate catastrophic severely alarm
gradual rise evidence destroy unnecessary prediction increase

The world is getting (a) —— because of pollution. Every year millions of people all over the world die (b)——–as a result of pollution. In recent years, there have been many (c)——– reports that the world’s (d) ———is undergoing a significant (e)———–. All these reports provide strong (f)——— that world temperatures are day by day climatologists (h)—— that mid way through the next century temperature may have (i)— ——as much as 4° centigrade. This could raise sea levels and thereby (j)——-— coastal areas and farmlands.

10. Fill in the blanks using one appropriate word in each gap :— 1×10=10

Today women (a) ——— an important role in all spheres of life. They (b)——–no longer within the four walls of their home. They have (c)———out of their kitchens and are (d)—- —–with men in all tine development programmes of the government. Many women have (e)———higher education and are (f) ——— as doctors, engineers, teachers, administrators, judges etc. They have been able to (g)——-their worth. However, women still face (h) —–  discrimination. Many girls are married (i)~— at an early age. Many never (j)—–to school.

Part C— Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases of the following substitution table to make meaningful sentences. Write sentences in full:—                                                                                                                         2×6=12

A B C D
(i) Socrates brought sentenced round him.
(ii) He began to gather against Socrates.
(iii) The young men was jealous to death.
(iv) The rulers of Athens wanted a great philosopher of ancient Greece.
(v) They was two charges among the people.
(vi) This great man grew to spread knowledge of his popularity.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write the sentences in the proper order and in a continuous paragraph to make a story :— 1×14=14

(i) Patients used to come to him from far and near for treatment.

(ii) He could treat the boil in three ways.

(iii) Finding no other way, the poor village folk called in him.

(iv) Then, he prided himself on his success.

(v) Some of his patients were cured.

(vi) Once, there lived a shrewd barber in a village.

(vii) He would operate boils with his razor.

(viii) They complained of this and that.

(ix) The barber pretended to know all about diseases and their cures.

(x) He was more than a mere barber but a false doctor.

(xi) To him, cutting boils was as simple as shaving beard.

(xii) In pain and agony, the patient would cry aloud.

(xiii) The barber treated them in their illness.

(xiv) He was a specialist in treating boils.

13. Answer the following questions to make it a continuous paragraph. Your answers should give as much detail as possible :— 14

(a) Where is Bangladesh located? (b) When did she get her freedom? (c) Where is the capital of Bangladesh? (d) What are the different religions here? (e) What are some of the common customs and traditions that people follow? (f) What are the main tourist spots in Bangladesh?

 BARISAL BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer the questions 1—4 :—

In recent years, there have been many alarming reports that the world’s climate is undergoing a significant change. All these reports provide strong evidence that world temperatures are increasing day by day. This increase in global warming is caused by increased amounts of carbon dioxide around the earth. Most climatologists believe that the ‘greenhouse effect is the most likely cause of this global warming.

What is the greenhouse effect? It is the gradual warming of the air surrounding the earth as a result of heat being trapped by environmental pollution. This is exemplified by the destruction and burning down of tropical rain forests, by traffic that clogs up city streets, by the rapid growth of industry, the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in packaging and manufacturing commercial products, the use of detergents such as washing powder and washing-up liquid and so on. The oceans are also said to be affected both because of human waste and because of pollution caused by industrial waste products, oil seeping from damaged supertankers and from other maritime disasters. However, the main culprits for global warming are carbon dioxide gas, produced by the burning of fossil fuels and forests and pollutants such as methane and chlorofluorocarbons.

Climatologists predict that by midway through the next century temperatures may have risen by as much as 4°C. This could catastrophically reduce mankind’s ability to grow food, destroy or severely damage wildlife and wilderness, raise sea levels and thereby flood coastal areas and farmland. The alarming news about Bangladesh is that as a remit of the rise of the sea level the lower southern part of the country may one day go under water

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence :—                                                    1×5=5

(a) There are encouraging/frightening/amusing reports on climate change.

(b) Greenhouse effect is the certain/probable/authentic cause of global warming.

(c) There is prediction that temperatures may rise as much as 4°C in the 30s/50s/80s of the next century,

(d) The rise in world temperature may affect food production/food distribution/food management.

(e) The main culprits for global warming are two/three/four in number.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information.                                                         1×5=5

(a) Heat trapped by environmental pollution results in greenhouse effect.

(b) Rapid industrialisation is a factor of environmental pollution.

(c) Increased amounts of carbon dioxide result in the increase in global warming.

(d) The rise of sea level has no connection with global warming.

(e) As a result of the rise of the sea level, the northern part of the country may go under water.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of words in brackets.

Add any preposition if necessary :—                                                                                  1×5=5

(a) Alarming reports now come in that world temperatures (increase)—-day by day. (b) Oceans are said to (affect)——–by both human and non human factors. (c) The main agents of global warming (to be)—–carbon dioxide, methane and CFCs. (d) By the middle of the next century world temperatures may (rise)——-by as much as 4°C. (e) Deforestation (relate)———-the greenhouse effect.

4. Make a list of five things that cause environmental pollution.                          1×5=5

Read the passage below and answer the questions 5—8 :—

‘Globalisation’ has become a buzzword in the new era of international relations. Basically, it is a process of expanding trade and commerce all over the world by creating a borderless market. But it has had a far-reaching effect on many aspects of life. With the development of hi-tech communication media and rapid transportation facilities, the world has come closer. We can now learn in an instant what is happening in the farthest corner of the world and travel to any country in the shortest possible time. Countries of the world are like families in a village. They can even share their joys and sorrows like the next-door neighbours. If one country is in distress, others can immediately come to its assistance. If we could build up an atmosphere of mutual understanding and co-operation through this globalistion process, our world could certainly be a better place to live in.

5. Write short answers to the following questions :—-                                                      1×5=5

(a) What is globalisation?

(b) How has the world come closer?

(c) What are the countries of the world like today?

(d) What is the meaning of buzzword?

(e) How can we make our world a better place?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words :—                                                                           1×5=5

Although globalisation is (a)—— associated with business, trade and international relations, it is no longer (b)——— from that perspective alone. The tide of globalisation is now covering other areas too. Satellite TV channels and the internet are (c)——all sorts of different customs and behaviours into our homes. Under the (d)——-of globalisation, global cultures are steadily getting integrated (e) —–local culture.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences.                                                                        5

8. Based on your reading of the passage make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the effects of globalisation. (No. l has been done for you) :                             1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box (Make any grammatical change if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need.                                                                    1×10=10

appear use at afflict differ city alarm
due pollute severe increase from suffer rural

Many diseases are rising (a) ——– an (b)——–rate, which experts believe is (c)———- to increased (d) ——-of the environment. Pollution (e)——— to be greater in urban areas although rural societies too are (f)———by (g)——–use of chemical fertilizers and insecticides. Nevertheless, today city people (h)——– to suffer from many more diseases and suffer more (i)———than country people. Now let us see how life in cities is (j)——-from that in the country.

10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap :— 1×10=10

E-mail has brought (a)——— revolution in modem (b)———.  Messages can be transmitted from one country to another within (c)———. It is far cheaper than telephone calls. Trade and commerce has become greatly (d)——— on this speedy mode of communication. It has, (e)———, not reached every one, especially in (f)——— countries like ours, as most people cannot (g)——to have a personal computer. But (h)——–here people have started (i)——–commercially operated e-mail for important (j)———.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make six sensible sentences. Write the sentences in full .                                                                                                                2×6=12

A

B

C

D

(i) Begum Rokeya is the pioneer insignificant.
(ii) She was born a great lad v.
(iii) She considers a great eagerness for education in    awakening    Muslim womenfolk.
(iv) Her contribution to Bengali literature remember not with respect.
(v) Our nation was her in Rangpur.
(vi) We had her to be from her childhood.

12. The following sentences are jumbled. Rewrite them in the proper order and in a continuous paragraph to make a story :— 1×14=14

(i) At one moment, a huge ice berg was spotted very close to the ship.

(ii) At that moment the Titanic was sailing across the icy waters of the North Atlantic.

(iii) It was on April 10, 1912.

(iv) She was carrying 1316 passengers and a crew of 891.

(v) The Titanic was sailing for New York from Southampton.

(vi) Four days after setting out, a great disaster happened.

(vii) So she was regarded as unsinkable.

(viii) The captain went down to see what had happened, (fx) The alarm had been given.

(x) So the captain realised to his horror that the Titanic was sinking rapidly.

(xi) Five of the ship’s sixteen water tight compartments were totally damaged by the collision.

(xii) Suddenly there was a slight trembling sound from below.

(xiii) The great ship turned sharply to avoid a collision.

(xiv) At that time she was the largest ship in the world built in a very special way.

13 Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answers to the questions should give as much detail as possible. 14

(a) What is environment? (b) What are the elements of environment? (c) How is environment polluted? (d) What are the effects of environmental pollutions? (e) How can we keep environment free from pollution?

SYLHET BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension                                                                                             Marks—40

Read the passage below and answer the questions 1—4.

One very conspicuous change in our society is the presence of working women outside the home. Of course it has to be acknowledged that women have always worked within the household but this commonly in not counted as “work”. It is unfortunate that women’s roles in agricultural societies (as in our village, particularly during harvest time) has not been recognised either.

Whether it is due to economic necessity or the urge to establish an individual identity or both, nowadays many women are entering the out side work force. They are joining in wide range of professions. Moreover it is not only educated women who are opting to work but women with little or no education have come out of their cocoons to earn and become self reliant.

This does not mean that life is any easier for women now. In many ways it is difficult since women must still fulfill their traditional roles of wife, mother and homemaker. At work, as they compete with men they have to prove their worth twice over in order to survive.

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence. 1×5=5

(a) Nowadays women are joining different occupations /work/ actions.

(b) Women’s participation in outdoor activities is a sign of great / vivid / wonderful change.

(c) The presence of working women outside the home is alarming /decreasing /increasing.

(d) The economic necessity or the urge to establish their individual identity has made our women enter / care / earn the outside workforce.

(e) They need to compete with men to prove their hospitality / humanity /capability.

2 True or false? If false, give the correct information:— 1×5=5

(a) Today women are relieved of their household activities.

(b) Nowadays life has become easier for women.

(c) Women no longer confine themselves to their cocoons.

(d) Only those women who have education are opting to work outside the home,

(e) In traditional sense, women’s work at home is considered to be ‘work’.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct from of the words in the brackets. Add any preposition if necessary. 1×5=5

(a) The household chores (do) ________by women should be counted as ‘work’.

(b) Women (have) ________little education also want to be self- reliant.

(c) In this present age women’s (depend) ________men sounds foolish.

(d) Now women have to prove their ability by (compete) ________men.

(e) A large number of women are joining the workforce for the (attain) ________their self-reliance.

4. Make a list of five important activities done by both educated and uneducated women in this present age. 1×5=5 Read the passage below and answer the questions 5—8.

Every year millions of people all over the world die unnecesarily as a result of pollution. These unfortunate and unavoidable deaths are brought about by four specific factors. Firstly, air pollution from factories, burning trash and vehicle fumes causes pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. Then, water pollution from industrial discharge, the indiscriminate disposal of toxic chemicals and the dumping of human waste into rivers and canals causes poisoning and water-borne disease such as cholera and diarrhoea. The next factor is the noise pollution from vehicle horns and microphones that might cause aggression and damage hearing and finally, odour pollution from dumped or untreated human waste causes serious discomfort to our senses and attracts disease-bearing creatures such as rats and flies. We should take determined action to control these problems and clean up the environment to avert these unnecessary diseases.

5. Write short answer to the following questions :— 1×5=5

(a) How does noise pollution affect us?

(b) What happens if human waste is not treated?

(c) What is necessary to avoid these unnecessary diseases?

(d) What are the factors bring about some unfortunate deaths?

(e) How is sound polluted?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable 1×5=5

Air pollution and water pollution are (a)——- responsible for the (b) —— deaths of millions of people all over the world. Air is (c) ——–with different types of smoke. People run mills and factories which (d)——- smoke and pollute air. Water gets (e)——-when toxic chemicals and human waste are thrown into rivers and canals.

7. Summiarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the different types of pollution and their ultimate effect. (No. I has been done for you)   

 

                                                                                                                                               1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word from the box. (Make any grammatical change if necessary.) There are more words in the box than you need :— 1×10=10

wake obtain expression go till be
moment integral perceive what by use              

Language (a),——–an important medium of expression of thoughts, feelings, ideas etc. We use it from the (b)——–we wake up in the morning (c)——— we go to bed at night. We use language not only during our (d)——-hours but also in our dreams. We use language to (e)——–what we feel and to say (f)——–we like or dislike. We also use it to (g)—–information. In short, language is an (h)——- part of what we do, (i)——-and believe. We must avoid (j) ———bad language.

10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 10

Jerry, an (a) ——–of twelve lived in the orphanage. The writer hired a cabin (b) ———- to the orphanage. Jerry came to the cabin to (c)——-wood for the writer. He also (d) ——- some extra work for the (e) ——-of the writer. Once he (f)——–a cubby-hole where he (g)——-some kindling and medium wood (h)——-that the writer might (i) ——-dry fire materials ready in (j)——-of sudden wet weather.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences.

Write the sentences in full :— 2×6=12

A B C D
(i) Robinson Crusoe wanted that Crusoe should at all.
(ii) He did not want to be a sailor England.
(iii) His father was born him from his bovhood.
(iv) He wanted in one dav.
(v) His father did not like the idea go to sea.
(vi) Crusoe left home for the sea to be a lawver.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write them in the proper order and in a continuous paragraph to make a story : 1×14=14

(i) So some frogs made their home in the pond.

(ii) One day some boys were going by the side of the pond.

(iii) Then the boys began to throw stones into the pond for fun.

(iv) There was a little pond in a village.

(v) Many of them were hurt very seriously and killed.

(vi) It was so deep and its water was not clean and pure.

(vii) So they were living there very happily.

(viii) The villagers did not bathe there and drink its water.

(ix) The stones hit the frogs one by one.

(x) An old man saw it and forbade the boys to kill them.

(xi) No one even disturbed them.

(xii) But the frogs did not know how to save their lives.

(xiii) The frogs played and sang there all the time.

(xiv) They found the playful frogs in the pond.

13. Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answer to the questions should give as much detail as possible :— 14

(a) Where is Bangladesh situated? (b) What do you know about her climate? (c) What are the main rivers and crops of this country? (d) What do you know about its forests? (e) What do you know about its mountains?

JESSORE BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer questions 1-4 :

Sports are a popular form of entertainment. Many international sporting events are organized from time to time. Most of these events are sponsored by multinational manufacturing companies and business firms. They pay for the sports events in exchange for the right to advertise their products during those events. These events are telecast worldwide by satellite and people all ove the world watch them live. As a result, the sponsor’s products receive maximum media coverage thus giving companies international recognition. This is only the commercial aspect of international sport but there are other aspects too. The sports venue becomes a meeting place of people from different countries. When people of different nations get together on the occasion of an international sporting event, they come closer to each other, sharing views, opinions and friendship. This opportunity creates a sense of brotherhood and a spirit of mutual co-operation among them. Moreover, getting acquainted with different cultures helps to break down prejudice and broaden outlook. If globalisation has anything to do with the development of international relationship, then sports can certainly contribute in a big way to this.

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence :— 1×5=5

(a) Sports have a great amused / amusing / boring value.

(b) Global sports break down friendship / culture / prejudices.

(c) Multinational companies patronize / deliberate / broadcast sports.

(d) Sports are considered to be boredom / amusement / betterment.

(e) These sports are telecast throughout the world / provincially / spiritually by satellite.

2. True/False. If false, give the correct information :— 1×5=5

(a) Sports contribute a little to globalisation.

(b) Sports help international trade and commerce in various ways.

(c) Multinational, manufacturing companies sponsor sports to get reputation.

(d) International sporting events organised with intervals.

(e) Enjoying the advertisement during sports is considered a popular form of entertainment.

3. Fill in the gaps with correct forms of words. Add any preposition if necessary.   1×5=5

(a) The people of the world can come (close)————international sporting events.

(b) Sports have (contribute)————attitude co globalisation.

(c) Multinational companies pay for the (sport)— events to advertise their products.

(d) Sports are highly (entertainment)-……——-.

(e) Satellite channels (telecast)———–the international sport events.

4. Make a list of five important things related to sports and globatisation. 1×5=5 Read the passage below and answer the questions 5—8.

Gender discrimination in Bangladesh begins at birth. Most parents want to have children so that they can, when they are older, supplement their family income and/or help with the domestic work. In the existing socio-economic set-up, male children are best suited to this purpose. So, girls are born to an unwelcome world. However, they are assigned, rather confined to, domestic chores. Some of these girls may be at school. But al their work-domestic or academic stops as soon as they are married off, which is the prime concern of the parents about their daughters.

This discriminatory treatment has some long-term negative effects on the body and mind of the girl children and women in a family. They are given to understand that they should keep the best food available for the male members in the family, that they should eat less than the male members; that they should not raise their voice when they speak, that they should not go out of their house without permission from and without being escorted by the male members. All these shape, the girls’ thinking about life and the world and go to establish their relationships with the male members in the family.

5. Write short answers to the following questions. 1×5=5

(a) What do you understand by gender discrimination? (b) Why do parents in Bangladesh prefer a male child?

(c) How is the birth of a girl unwelcome?

(d) What is the prime concern of parents in our country about their daughters? (e) What is the result of the discriminatory treatment to the girl children?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words:— 1×5=5

Girl members in Bangladeshi family do not receive the same (a)—–as the male members. The (b) ———–against girls, in fact, begins as soon as they are born. As they grow up, caring for domestic chores become their main (c)——-. Some of them are sent to (d) ——- . But everything stops as soon as their parents are able to arrange their (e) ——-.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the position of a girl or a woman in the family. (No. 1 has been done for you):— 1×5=5

A girl’s birth in a hostile world.

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word from the following list. There are more words in 1×10=10

identity pioneer leader man than went combining
student remember now know then design concept

Shaheed Minar, by (c) —…..all the aspirations of Bengali (d)……and nationalism. He was the first art (e) ———of Bangladesh who in the 1950s “(f) ———-   to Europe and studied at “Ecole ae Beaux Art” in Paris. He was the (g) ——- of the new painting movement in the (h) —-—Pakistan. But he is most (i)…..for his remarkable (j)…..of the Central Shaheed Minar.

10. Fill in the blanks with a suitable word in each gap:— 1×10=10

Rose is a symbol of (a) —…… I have a rose garden. The garden (b)——-when the roses bloom. It (cj…..— sweet. The (d)……..and fragrance of the rose attract all. I pluck roses from my garden (e) —…..our house (f)……. Now-a-days many people (g)——–roses. The (h)……..of rose is profitable. So we should (i) …… roses not only to earn money but also to (j)……. our houses.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full:—  2×6=12

A

B

C

D

(i) The sacrifice of the people will is be frustrated.
(ii) No nation had to of the country no way         unprecedented   in the world history.
(iii) To, the people within three million people ahead fast.
(iv) They want to raise are trying to go poverty        and ignorance.
(v) It is hoped of Bangladesh for the independence two           decades Bangladesh will become a        developed country.
(vi) The aspiration sacrifice themselves from for independence.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write the sentences in the proper order and in a continuous paragraph to make a story:— 1×14=14

(i) The grocer sent his son with the fruit-seller.

(ii) “Just the same way as mice can eat away the balance and weights”, said the fruit-seller.

(iii) Then one day, the fruit-seller said to the grocer, “I am going to the town to do some shopping.”

(iv) “You liar, how can a crow carry away such a big boy?”

(v) After a few days, the fruit-seller asked the grocer to return his balance and weights.

(vi) The next day the fruit-seller came back alone from the town.

(vii) The grocer shouted angrily.

(viii) One day, a grocer borrowed a balance and weights from a fruit-seller.

(ix) But he checked his temper.

(x) Please send your son with me to carry my things.

(xi) The grocer said, ‘The mice ate away your balance and weights. So, I can’t return them.”

(xii) “Where is my son?” asked the grocer.

(xiii) The lame excuse of the dishonest grocer made the fruit-seller very angry.

(xiv) “A crow carried your son away,” replied the fruit-seller.

13. Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answer to the questions should give as much details as possible:— 14

(a) What is war of independence? (b) When did our war of independence take place? (c) What happened in the war? (d) When did we become free? (e) How do we celebrate our independence?

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer questions 1-4 :

Ismail Hossain is an affluent man now. Through hard work and devotion, he has managed to turn the wheels of fortune. He was an unemployed youth of an impoverished family from Ekdala village in Natore Sadar thana. Through new knowledge, hard work and perseverance, he has brought prosperity to his family. Ismail Hossain, son of Zohar Ali studied up to class eight. Poverty then forced him to look for work. He worked as a labourer before he joined the training programme of the Natore Horticulture Centre (NHC) and has remained associated with it since then. The officer-in-charge of NHC said that Ismail seemed to be an enthusiastic and energetic youth during the selection of village under NHC’s command area.

Ismail first received training in vegetable cultivation. Then he got a lease of land in his village and applied his new and improved knowledge to cultivate vegetables. He earned taka 25,000 as profit that year. In the same way, he made a profit of taka one lakh by cultivating quality cauliflowers the next year. Later, he bought some land and used it entirely to cultivate cauliflowers. He has also been raising hi-breed cows for milk as well as manure.

Ismail’s lot has changed radically. He said with a satisfactory smile, “I am very happy to be self-sufficient now, I had nothing of my own before, but now I have so much. It has been possible through my hard labour and systematic cultivation. The credit also goes to the NHC of course”, he added.

The officer-in-charge of NHC said, “I feel very proud of Ismail Hossain. He deserves national level recognition for his outstanding success.”

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence:—— 1×5=5

(a) Ismail Hossain has changed the wheels of fortune through defiance / diligence / significance.

(b) Ismail’s fate has changed gradually / drastically / presently.

(c) Ismail Hossain is a self-dependent / other dependent / proud man.

(d) Ismail got disappointed / frightened / encouraged by the training programme.

(e) The officer-in-charge is very disappointed / proud / disobedient of Ismail Hossain.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information.                                                         1×5=5

(a) Ismail developed his family by hard labour.

(b) He gained less profit by cultivating quality cauliflowers.

(c) Training from the NHC helped Ismail see the happy days.

(d) Ismail raised hi-breed cows for milk.

(e) Everybody said that Ismail’s success should be nationally recognised,

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add any prepositions if

necessary.                                                                                                                               1×5=5

(a) Ismail Hossain was born in a poverty (strike)———family.

(b) Stopping education he began to work as a day (labour)———-.

(c) He received (agriculture) ————training from NHC.

(d) He bought a piece of land (cultivate)—–..

(e) He proved that he was a (self-support)………..man.

4. Write five sentences about Ismail Hossain’s outstanding success in life. 1×5=5

Read the passage below and answer questions 5-8 :

Television has become the most common and most widespread source of entertainment of the present world. A wide range of programmes of varied interest is telecast on numerous channels. Almost every middle class and even working class families have a television set today. Television programmes are not only entertaining; they can be highly educative too. For exampe, television is used for distance learning. Courses run by the Open University are shown on the BTV. Several channels like the Discovery Channel and the National Geographic telecast highly informative programme. Watching TV, however, has become an addiction for many.

Satellite telecasting has added new dimensions to television but it has sometimes been branded as a cultural assault on the developing nations. The East is being exposed more and more to Western music, entertainment and modes of life. As a result, younger people’s tastes are gradually being influenced by them.

5. Write short answer to the following questions:— 1×5=5

(a) Why is television so popular in the present world?

(b) What do numerous channels do?

(c) What is cultural assault?

(d) What are the good effects of television?

(e) How are the young people being influenced?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable word/words. 1×5=5

Television has become the most (a) — source of entertainment in the modern world. Almost every middle class family of Bangladesh (b) — a TV set. Television not only entertains (c)

——but also educates them. Satellite channels of television have added a new (d)—–in

the field of entertainment (e)——television has become an addiction for many.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the merits and demerits of watching television. (No. 1 has been done for you):— 1×5=5

Part B : Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box (make any grammatical change if

                                                                                                                                                1×10=10

joyous food become remain gift favourite
eager want flood invite festive elders

Children are very fond of festivals. They become very (a) ——— on a day of festival. If it is their birthday, their joys become over (b)————. They become very (c)————to have wishes from their beloved persons. The whole day they (d) ———to spend times in joy. Usually a child on its birthday, gets up early and tries to (e)————close to their parents. It (f)————a nice day, if it is presented anything very (g)———— to it. Children also want to have their friends (h)———— to their house on a festival. They expect to have a party. Their joys give pleasure to their (i)——-. We should try to keep the children always in a (j)————mind.

10. Fill in the gaps with an appropriate word in each gap:—                                           1×10=10

Computer is one of the latest important and most (a)——— invention of science. A computer performs three important (b)————. It receives data, processes data (c)——–various computations and emits data. Computer now (d)————us in various ways. In a (e)———— minutes a computer can perform calculations that trained mathematicians would need years to complete. Now computers are (f) ————-used in agricultural farms. Trains and planes are run by the (g)—— (h)—— results can be accurately given by computer within the shortest span of time. The computer has become very sophisticated and can perform (i)———— complicated tasks. This is why many people call the computer ‘an electronic (j)——-.

Part C : Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences.2×6=12

A B C D
(a) Mount Everest which is is    difficult    and dangerous who was the first to survey of the highest mountain in the world.
(b) It was named after the peak of Everest and have gone into the history as the first conquerors is the highest mountain in the world.
(c) Climbing mountains like Everest in   the   Himalayan Mountains because there is snow all over and the Himalayas in 1841.
(d) After two months of difficult and dangerous climbing Edmund Hillary and Teuzing Norkay reached the top on May lO in North India exciting and challenging to them.
(e) Musa Ibrahim conquered the daring mountaineers are not daunted because mountains always look at 6 am. on 23 May 2010.
(f) In spite of all difficulties and dangers an English man George Everest as      the      firstBangladeshimountaineer there are snow-slides and cracks under ice and snow.

12. Rewrite the jumbled sentences in the proper order to make a continuous paragraph:— 1×14=14

(i) The lion laughed and said “O you! Are you suitable to help me?”

(ii) The lion also said, “You are small in size but really worthy.”

(iii) While coming out of the net, the lion said, “It is a great lesson for me.”

(iv) In fact, the strong or mighty one is also dependent on the weak one.”

(v) “Many thanks to you. You have saved my life,” said the lion.

(vi) From then the lion became kind-hearted even to the tiny creatures.

(vii) The mouse was proud of saving the lion.

(viii) The lion caught the mouse and it began to tremble with fear.

(ix) Once a lion was sleeping in a cave.

(x) Listening to this, the mouse came swiftly and found the lion in a trap.

(xi) At that time, a mouse fell upon its body while playing.

(xii) After some days the lion fell into a trap and was crying loudly for help.

(xiii) The mouse remembered his promise and cut the net into pieces and let the lion come out.

(xiv) The mouse said, “Let me go now; sooner or later, I may help you.”

13. Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answers to the questions should give as much detail as possible: 14

(a) Where is Bangladesh located? (b) When did she get her freedom? (c) Where is the capital of Bangladesh? (d) What are the different religions here? (e) What are some of the customs and traditions that people follow here?   

 

COMILLA BQARD-2011

English First Paper

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer questions 1-4

The unit by which the loudness of sound is measured is called a decibel. According to the United Nations (UN), the normal tolerance limit of sound is 45 decibels. When the vibration of sound is at a tolerable, pleasant level, it is simply called sound. But when it is sharp and harsh to the ears, it becomes noise. Serious harm can be caused to people if they are regularly exposed to sounds exceeding 70 decibels. Because of the growth of urban population and the increasing use of machines in our every day life there had been a general increase in the level of sound around us. On an average, people in the cities are exposed to sound ranging from 30 to 90 decibels or even more. A study in Japan has found that housewives who live in the city were exposed to almost the same amount of sound that a factory worker was exposed to at his/her workplace. The occupations that the study found to be the noisiest were factory work, truck driving and primary school teaching. Many developed countries are trying to control sound pollution by careful town planning and developing public awareness. In Holland, schools are not allowed near airport and houses which are situated near airports are provided with special types of insulation to limit the sound heard inside the buildings.

1. Choose the right word/expression to complete each sentence:                          1×5=5

(a) We know that the loudness of sound is measured by decibel / sonometer / phonometer.

(b) Serious harm can be caused to people if they are exposed to more than 17/70/75 decibels.

(c) The nosiest occupations, according to a study in Japan, were two/three/four.

(d) Decibel is connected with physics/geography/history.

(e) Sound is milder/sharper/more unwholesome than noise.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information                                                          1×5=5

(a) Sound pollution is acute in pastoral areas.

(b) Sound exceeding to 70 decibels is detrimental to man.

(c) In Holland, houses are allowed near airport.

(d) The difference between sound and noise depends upon the nature of vibration.

(e) Noise is beyond the control of man.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of words in the brackets. Add any preposition if

necessary :—                                                                                                                          1×5=5

(a) Living in a (noise) ——environment may be harmful for man.

(b) Decibel is a unit of (measure)————sound.

(c) If it is sharp and harsh to ears, it (call) ———noise.

(d) (Develop) ————-public awareness is necessary to control sound pollution.

(e) Town areas are (noise)————than remote areas.

4. Make a list of five things that are responsible for the sound pollution.                        1×5=5

Read the passage below and answer questions 5-8 :

Ismail Hossain is an affluent man now. Through hard work and devotion, he has managed to turn the wheels of fortune. He was an unemployed youth of an impoverished family from Ekdala village in Natore Sadar thana. Through new knowledge, hard work and perseverance, he has brought prosperity to his family. Ismail Hossain, son of Zohar Ali studied up to class eight. Poverty then forced him to look for work. He worked as a labourer before he joined the training programme of the Natore Horticulture Centre (NHC) and has remained associated with it since then. The officer-in-charge of NHC said that Ismail seemed to be an enthusiastic and energetic youth during the selection of village under NHC’s command area.

Ismail first received training in vegetable cultivation. Then he got a lease of land in his village and applied his new and improved knowledge to Cultivate vegetables. He earned taka 25,000 as profit that year. In the same way, he made a profit of taka one lakh by cultivating quality cauliflowers the next year. Later, he bought some land and used it entirely to cultivate cauliflowers. He has also been raising hi-breed cows for milk as well as manure.

Ismail’s lot has changed radically. He said with a satisfactory smile, “I am very happy to be self-sufficient now. I had nothing of my own before, but now I have so much. It has been possible through my hard labour and systematic cultivation. The credit also goes to the NHC of course”, he added.

The officernn-charge of NHC said, “I feel very proud of Ismail Hossain. He deserves national level recognition for his outstanding success.”

5. Write short answer to the questions below. 1×5=5

(a) How did Ismail bring prosperity to his family?

(b) Why did Ismail give up his study?

(c) What did Ismail do before joining the training programme at the NHC?

(d) How did Ismail make a profit of one lakh taka?

(e) What, according to the officer-in-charge, did Ismail deserve?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words :— 1×5=5

Ismail Hossain was an unemployed youth of a (a)———— family. He has brought prosperity to his family by dint of (b) ————labour. He (c) ————vegetables and made a profit of 25,000 taka. By cultivating (d) ————cauliflowers, he made a profit of taka one lakh next year. Now he thinks that he is a (e) ——-man.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the above passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the different activities of Ismail leading to success in life. (No. 1 has been done for you). 1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box. Make any grammatical change, if necessary. There are more words than you need.                                                                         1×10=10

waste community sphere women family returns
educate develop children welfare mother sector

Education for girls is essential for the development in all (a) ———- of the society. So, investments in the education of (b)——-will bring in greater (c)———-in the field of economic and social (d)——–. Educated women can contribute more to the family (e) —  than those who have no schooling. Educated (f)———-are more likely to send their (g) ———-to school and look after their health and nutrition. Thus (h) ——women can contribute to the (i)———-development. On the other hand, failure to educate women is a tremendous (j)——— of human resource.

10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap                                             1×10=10

Banks are often unable or unwilling to lend (a)———-to the poorer section of the society. The Grameen Bank (b)———-credit to the poor, particularly rural (c)———-. There are about 800 micro-finance (d) ———-in the country. It is estimated that they have (e) ——employment for about 54,000 people. A recent (f)———- indicates that micro-credit programmes had a (g) ——– effect on socio-economic variables (h) ———- children’s schooling, nutrition and family (i)———-and about 5% of programme participants rose above (j)———- line.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases/words in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write the sentences in full.                                                                                                                         2×6=12

 

A

B

C

D

(i) A large number themselves in one solution to vocations.
(ii) It is not provides loans and themselves     can engage employment to all.
(iii) Self-employment of people in or other of these this problem.
(iv) It means possible for the Bangladesh are earning activity.
(v) People can train is a possible counselling to start in         economic activities.
(vi) The government that people government to give unemployed.

12. Write the number of the sentences in the proper order :— 1×14=14

(i) The blacks were subjected to all sorts of indignities.

(ii) But the oppressive rulers could not break the spirit.

(iii) Nelson Mandela was the greatest leader of South Africa.

(iv) Eventually, the great leader realised the goal of liberating his own people.

(v) In fact, he was one of the greatest leaders of the world.

(vi) All his life he struggled against apartheid.

(vii) They were aliens in their own country.

(viii) It was government policy of racial segregation,

(ix) The blacks were treated cruelly.

(x) He was thrown behind the prison bar.

(xi) The great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice.

(xii) They were denied all basic human rights.

(xiii) The Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans.

(xiv) Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks.

 

13. Write a paragraph of about 100 words based on the following questions. Your answers to the questions should give as much detail as possible: — 14

(a) What is meant by premature marriage? (b) Who are victims of premature marriage? (c) What are. the causes of premature marriage? (d) What problems does premature marriage create in society? (e) What suggestions do you have to solve the problem?

DHAKA BOARD-2011

English First Paper                           Time—3 hours                                               Full marks—100

 

[N. B. the figures in the right margin indicate full marks.]

Part A—Seen Comprehension

Read the passage below and answer questions 1-4 :

‘Communicative competence’ refers to the ability to use language appropriately in different circumstances. There are two ways of developing communicative competence in a language. The first is acquisition which is similar to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue. It is a natural, subconscious process in which users are not usually aware of acquiring a language. They are aware only of the fact that they are using the language to communicate. In non-technical terms, acquisition is ‘picking up’ a language spontaneously. It may also be called implicit learning.

On the other hand, the second way of developing communicative competence in a language is learning that language. It refers to conscious knowledge of a language, knowing the rules of language use, being aware of using them and being able to talk about them. In non­technical terms, learning is to know consciously about a language. It may be described as explicit learning.

Language specialists believe that acquiring a language is more successful and longer lasting than learning. Therefore, teachers these days encourage learners of a second language to practise and experience the language in different situations where they are involved in communicating with others.

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence :— 1×5=5

(a) Communicative competence devalues/means/discourages the ability to use language appropriately.

(b) Explicit learning refers to subconscious/careless/conscious knowledge of a language.

(c) Acquiring a language is more difficult / temporary/effective than learning it.

(d) Nowadays teachers inspire learners of a second language to practise/learn/utilize the language in different situations.

(e) Language specialists believe that learning a language is not so successful as/ like/than acquiring it.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information. 1×5=5

(a) Acquisition of a language and learning it are the same process.

(b) Implicit learning lasts longer than explicit learning.

(c) Explicit learning takes much effort to learn.

(d) Knowing the rules of language use is a part of ‘implicit’ learning.

(e) People learn a second language subconsciously.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add any prepositions if necessary. 1×5=5

(a) English is (treat) ———–a foreign language.

(b) Every person learns mother tongue (natural)———–.

(c) Learning (differ) ———–acquisition in many ways.

(d) There is an element of (spontaneous)———–implicit learning.

(e) You should be (competence) ———–communicating with others.

4. Make a list of five things about developing communicative competence in a second language. 1×5=5

Read the passage below and answer the questions 5—8 :—

Every year millions of people all over the world die unnecessarily as a result of pollution. These unfortunate and unavoidable deaths are brought about by four specific factors. Firstly, air pollution from factories, burning trash and vehicle fumes causes pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. Then, water pollution from industrial discharge,

the indiscriminate disposal of toxic chemicals and the dumping of human waste into rivers and canals causes poisoning and water-borne disease such as cholera and diarrhoea. The next factor is the noise pollution from vehicle horns and microphones that might cause aggression and damage hearing and finally, odour pollution from dumped or untreated human waste causes serious discomfort to our senses and attracts disease-bearing creatures such as rats and flies. We should take determined action to control these problems and clean up the environment to avert these unnecessary diseases.

 

5. Write short answers to the following questions                                                  1×5=5

(a) What are the four types of pollution mentioned in the passage?

(b) What is odour pollution?

(c) How does air get polluted?

(d) What is the effect of noise pollution?

(e) How does the paragraph end?

6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words :-                                                                              1×5=5

Air and water are the two important (a)——-of our environment. Many people die every year all over the world because of the (b)——of these elements. The unfortunate deaths (c)—–by pollution can be avoided if we become (d)—–of the disastrous (e)——of pollution.

7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 1×5=5

8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes of the flow-chart showing the effects of pollution (No. 1 has been done for you) :—                   1×5=5

Part B—Vocabulary

9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box (make any grammatical changes if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need ;—-                                                              1×10=10

spelling language alphabetic find syllable neglect
noun life synonyms picture friends antonyms

Dictionaries are very important books in the (a)———–of a people. A dictionary lists the words in a language (b) ———–, so that the reader may (c)———– them easily. A dictionary entry gives us the accepted (d)———-of a word, its division into (e)——– , its pronunciation, its origins, and its meanings. Sometimes a dictionary also provides (f)———– , or opposites of a word. In addition, if the word is a (g)———- that describes a  visible thing, the dictionary may provide a (h) ———- of it. Dictionaries of the past, present and future can become your teachers and good (i)——. Don’t (j)———them.

10. Fill in each gap with an appropriate word :—                                                                         1×10=10

Sports are a popular form of (a) ———–. Many international (b)———– events are organised from time to time. Most of those events are (c) ———–by multinational manufacturing companies and business firms. They (d) ———–for the sport events in exchange for the right to (e) ———–their products during those events. These events are ———–worldwide by satellite and people all (g) ———–the world watch them (h)———-. As a result, the sponsors’ products receive maximum media (i) ———-thus giving companies international (j)————-.

Part C—Guided Writing

11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full.                                                                                                                             2×6=12

A

B

C

D

(i) The culture of a society in one society complete picture of in Britain.
(ii) The patterns of behaviour in Bangladesh are different from those patterns of it.
(iii) To know the culture can easily give a also can give some distinct cultural differences.
(iv) The modes of behaviour of a society we  need  to  study different life and living of that society.
(v)Language, eating habits etc. between    different cultures are considered in other societies
(vi) The existing differences of a society differ from those ideas about that society.

 

12. The following sentences are jumbled. Re-write them in the proper order and in a

continuous paragraph to make a story :— 1×14=14

(i) The grocer sent his son with the fruit-seller.

(ii) “Just the same way as mice can eat away the balance and weights,” said the fruit- seller.

(iii) Then one day, the fruit-seller said to the grocer, “I am going to the town to do some shopping.”

(iv) “You liar, how can a crow carry away such a big boy?”

(v) After a few days, the fruit-seller asked the grocer to return his balance and weights.

(vi) The next day the fruit-seller came back alone from the town.

(vii) The grocer shouted angrily.

(viii) One day, a grocer borrowed a balance and weights from a fruit-seller.

(ix) But he checked his temper.

(x) Please send your son with me to carry my things.

(xi) The grocer said, “The mice ate away your balance and weights. So I can’t return them.”

(xii) “Where is my son?” asked the grocer.

(xiii) The lame excuse of the dishonest grocer made the fruit-seller very angry.

(xiv) “A crow carried your son away,” replied the fruit-seller.

13. Write a paragraph of about 150 words based on the following questions. Your answer to the questions should give as much detail as possible :— 14

(a) What do you understand by eve teasing? (b) Who are the common eve teasers? (c) What is your attitude to them? (d) Who are the main targets of this heinous act? (e) What are the causes of eve teasing? (f) What are its effects? (g) What measures should be taken against eve teasing?

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